The purpose of this paper is to provide information on the present status of pluralistic extension and advisory services (EAS) in Sri Lanka. The focus is primarily onhow the EAS implemented by the state and non-state agencies managed to face the challenges of changing national economy in the recent years. The EAS support for farmers in enhancing their income is also discussed. Based on both the primary and secondary information, the paper analyses the following.Issues related to investments and human resources are discussed here. Specific policy and organizational changes that can address some of these issues and guidelines that can transform and strengthen the EAS provision are also presented.