Substantial evidence exists for the impacts of agroecology in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) on climate change adaptation.
- Farm diversification had the strongest evidence for impacts on climate change adaptation.
- The evidence for agroecology’s impact on mitigation in LMICs is modest and emphasises carbon sequestration in soil and biomass.
- Agroforestry had the strongest body of evidence for impacts on mitigation.
- Locally relevant solutions produced through participatory processes and co-creation of knowledge with farmers improved climate change adaptation and mitigation.
- Knowledge gaps were found for agricultural climate change mitigation, resilience to extreme weather, and agroecology approaches involving livestock, landscape redesign and multi-scalar analysis.