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Food, Agriculture, and Nutrition in South Asia

In this report, we examine why it is so difficult to end hunger and to halt obesity trends, what the appropriate lenses are to look at this problem, what the potential solutions are, and who should lead and who should support efforts to end malnutrition-related challenges. We analyze the food–agriculture–nutrition nexus by looking at the elements separately, and also, at their connections. Given that the region contains one-fourth of the world’s population and that nutrition indicators, such as stunting, wasting, undernourishment, and micronutrient deficiency, are higher or nearly as high as in any other global region, its suggests that an appropriate approach to addressing malnutrition in SA could lead to substantial improvement on a global level.

The report is structured as follows:
The first section contains a snapshot of the current global malnutrition picture and SA’s position within it. This section aims to facilitate easier navigation through the rest of the report, as it defines frequently used terms. Direct and underlying causes of malnutrition are also discussed. Finally, it sheds light on global food systems challenges and explores the interaction between food, agriculture, and nutrition.

The second section explores nutritional outcomes in SA and provides comparisons between South Asian countries. Causes, consequences, and policy interventions to address stunting, wasting, micronutrient deficiency, and obesity are discussed here.