Afghanistan Natural Resource Management Policy

Chapter 23 – Groundwater of Afghanistan (potential capacity, scarcity, security issues, and solutions)

Afghanistan is a landlocked mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest, which is described as being located within South and Central Asia. Water is the lifeblood of the people of Afghanistan, not just for living but also for the economy, which has traditionally been dominated by agriculture. Over 80% of the country’s water resources originate within the Hindu Kush mountain ranges at altitudes over 2000 m. The mountains perform as natural water storage, with snow throughout the winter and snowmelt within the summer that supports perennial flow of all the major rivers.