Face to Face

Strengthening Frontline Extension in India

Dr A K Singh recently joined as Deputy Director General (Agricultural Extension), at the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). He reflects on the tasks & challenges ahead in an interview to AESA.
Dr A K Singh recently joined as Deputy Director General
(Agricultural Extension), at the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). He reflects on the tasks & challenges ahead in an interview to Dr Mahesh Chander,

the AESA focal point for India.
Dr Singh, Congratulations and how do you feel at your selection to this very important position?

Thanks to you and AESA. It is actually a much bigger responsibility and I feel happy and I am finding this position more challenging.
What are the most important priorities of the ICAR Extension Division currently?

The most important task is strengthening and expanding the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) network. Orienting extension education research and implementing two new projects – Farmer FIRST and ARYA (Attracting and Retaining Youth in Agriculture) are the other important tasks.

The Farmer FIRST is proposed to be launched with an objective of enhancing farmer– scientists interface for technology application and continued feedback. 100 centres (ICAR/SAUs) will implement this project involving 1000 farm families at each location. The major components would be i) Farmers – scientists interface, ii) Technology assemblage, application and feedback, iii) Partnership with different stakeholders and iv) Content mobilization. ARYA is basically an attempt to bring in entrepreneurship in youth through skill development and empowerment. KVKs, research centres and state agricultural universities will implement this project.

Farmers in India in general face a large number of challenge and so extension has to deal with issues beyond dissemination of technology.  How your division is going to respond to these new challenges? 

Beyond technologies, farmers currently need information, support and services related to market, insurance, nutrition, environment, weather, etc. The Division of Agricultural Extension will address these issues by strengthening KVKs with Subject Matter

Specialists that can deal with these issues. Post harvest, value addition, diagnostics, climatic change and women empowerment are important future thrust areas. 

Financing and managing KVKs is perhaps one of the most important functions of your Division?  How challenging is this especially with the rapid increase in the number of KVKs in recent years?  

We have 641 KVKs (Farm Science Centres) currently and this number is expected to go up to 751 by the end of the XII Plan. The Central Government is keen to continue its funding to the KVKs, which in a sense is an extended arm of research engaged in technology assessment & refinement, demonstration of new technologies and also working as knowledge and resource centre at the district level. For monitoring the performance of KVKs, various systems are being put in place including periodic reviews by committees and  programme oriented

Division of Agricultural Extension, ICAR 

Agricultural Extension division is one of the most important divisions under the Indian Council of

Agricultural Research (ICAR). The division is headed by the Deputy Director General (Agricultural Extension), who is supported by 2 Assistant Director-Generals. The major activities of Agricultural Extension Division are assessment, refinement and demonstration of technology/products through a network of Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs). This division coordinates & monitor 44 Agricultural Technology Information Centres (ATIC) established at the ICAR institutes and State Agricultural Universities.

monitoring. The KVK is the only technology led Institution at the district level and it needs convergence with all the other stakeholders to support    technology promotion programmes implemented at the district level. We hope KVKs will also receive funding support and other resources to play these roles more effectively.

One of the criticisms of the KVKs is that many lack adequate operational funds?  Do you believe so? If so, how are you going to address this?

During the XIIth Plan, we are envisaging higher operational funding and enhanced linkages with other organisations.  The special programmes (Farmer First and ARYA) being initiated currently will also add more resources to the KVKs.

How can you increase more collaboration between        ATMA   (Agricultural       Technology Management Agency) and KVKs?

A   mechanism  is already in place for strengthening  linkages between the  two.  Further, a Joint Action Plan that focus on technological support by KVKs to the Block Technology Team (BTT) of ATMA and BTTs taking the lead in technology dissemination to a wider area,  is  being  developed  to enhance collaboration.

Is there something do you like to do on reviewing and strengthening extension curricula?  Any plans to have a look at it?

The curriculum has to be dynamic and as this subject is the main domain of the Division of Agricultural Extension, we would like to have a collective view on this from all the learned extension professionals.

Livestock and Fisheries extension haven’t got the deserved attention so far?  Do you think the KVKs are trying to address this issue?

Livestock and Fisheries are key constituents of small holder agriculture. With more experts in these areas joining the KVKs, we hope to see more intensive efforts on this in the future.

We believe you are aware of the efforts of the GFRAS (Global Forum for Rural Advisory

Services) and the AESA (Agricultural Extension in South Asia) in strengthening extension?  How do you see these efforts?  Is there a way to get the ICAR Extension Division more involved in these activities?   

Both GFRAS and AESA are providing a very useful platform for extension professionals to interact, share and learn about new concepts and approaches in extension and advisory provision, experimented and practiced worldwide.

The Division of Agricultural Extension will definitely like to enhance its ties with such organisations who are working in this field.  

Dr. Mahesh Chander is Head, Division of Extension Education, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh.



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  • Dear Dr Singh, I am very happy to read your interview titled face to face. I wish you much success in the very important responsibility of DDG, Extension.

  • Any new approach in the offing. What is given is old items. Farmers first as an approach in icar not taken off concretely. With this ddg let us hope something new in extension in nars will bloom