Family farming is understood to include crop, livestock, forestry, fishery and aquaculture production by producers who, despite their great heterogeneity among countries and within countries, have the following key characteristics:
- Limited access to land and capital resources;
- Predominantly family labour is used with the head of the household participating directly in the production process; therefore, even when there is some division of labour, the head of the household does not just perform management responsibilities but is also a worker in the family unit;
- Agricultural/forestry/aquaculture/fishery activity is the main source of income for the family nucleus, which may be complemented with other non‑farming activities undertaken inside or outside the family unit (services related to rural tourism, environmental benefits, small‑scale production, small agribusinesses, casual jobs, etc.).